Toxic Substances Control Act
The Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) was enacted on October 11, 1976, and signed into law by President Gerald Ford. Under its provisions, the EPA has compiled a list of over 84,000 regulated chemicals. That list increases, on average, by about 1,000 chemicals each year. TSCA has been amended three times, resulting in a total of four titles:
- Control of Toxic Substances;
- The Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response Act;
- The Indoor Radon Abatement Act;
- The Lead-based Paint Exposure Reduction Act.
The scope of Vanguard’s work in behalf Industry centers on number one above: the Control of Toxic Substances. TSCA requires manufacturers to provide data on the health and environmental effects of chemical substances and mixtures and gives EPA comprehensive authority to regulate the manufacture, use, distribution in commerce and disposal of chemical substances. TSCA defines "manufacture" as not only the traditional notions of manufacturing, processing and production, but also the distribution and importation of regulated chemical substances or mixtures. In practice, EPA interprets the term to apply to persons who purchase a chemical and hold it for purposes of later distribution.